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Pumas

 

Puma (cougar, mountain lion, Florida leopard) (Puma concolor, Felis concolor) is a mammal from the Felidae Family, extending from America to Canada and Patagonia (although in many countries is extinct).
Puma is the largest representative of the small cats. Its bulk characteristics are similar of those of the big cats, but it is more closely related to the small and average cats. The Felidae Family is believed to have originated in Asia approximately 11 million years ago.

The head of the cat is comparatively small and its trunk is slender and flexible .It has five retractable claws on its forepaws and four on its hind paws. The coat is typically tawny, but ranges to silvery-grey or reddish. Males are larger than females, but the bigger differences are seen among the subspecies. Infants are spotted and have rings on their tails.

The length of adult is around 100-200 cm, tail: 50-85 cm. They stand about 52-78 cm tall at the shoulders. Males have an average weight of about 60-75 kg, and females: 35-50 kg. In mountainous areas in America some may even reach over 105 kg.

Its main food are mammals. While the small mammals are eaten immediately, the remains of the bigger ones are hidden by covering them with brush. The cat returns to food only in the case it did not hunt anything, it eats only fresh meat.

Puma’s nest is situated in caves, rocky crevices, windfallen trees or brushwood. After the gestation  period lasting approximately 90-96 days, female gives birth to 1-4 naked, blind kittens. They become independent at the age of 2.

Puma lives up to 12 years.

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